The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that forms a canal which opens into the vagina and leads to outside the body. The tissue that’s removed is then closely examined under a microscope.
What is a cervical biopsy?
A cervical biopsy is a procedure that is performed to remove tissue from the cervix to test for abnormal cells or precancerous conditions.
Cervical biopsy or punch biopsy
The amount of tissue your doctor removes is dependent on the type of biopsy being done. A simple cervical biopsy also known as a punch biopsy removes a small piece of tissue from the surface of the cervix, where as an endocervical biopsy (endocervical curettage) removes tissue from high in the cervical canal and requires scraping with a sharp instrument.
Another possible biopsy is a cone biopsy or conization where your doctor will use a laser or scalpel to remove a large cone shaped piece of tissue from the cervix.
Lastly, there is the Loop Electrosurgical Excision procedure (LEEP) that uses a thin, low-voltage electrified wire loop to cut out any abnormal tissue found. In addition to removing tissue for testing, some of these procedures can be used to completely remove areas of abnormal tissue and may also be used in the treatment of precancerous lesions.
If you’re undergoing a biopsy that requires a general anesthetic, you’ll need to stop eating at least eight hours before the procedure.
How to Prepare for a Cervical Biopsy
Schedule your cervical biopsy for the week after your period. Make sure to discuss any medication you take with your doctor. You may be asked to stop taking medications that could increase your risk of bleeding, such as:
Avoid before your biopsy:
- Using tampons
- Medicated vaginal creams for at least 24 hours
- Sexual intercourse during this time.
What can you expect after a cervical biopsy is performed?
You may feel some soreness in your vagina for a couple of days accompanied by some vaginal discharge or bleeding, which is normal for up to a week after a biopsy. If Monel’s solution was used then your discharge may be dark colored.
You must not douche, have sex or use tampons for one week to allow time for your cervix to heal. Please do not exercise for at least one day following the procedure. Make sure to follow all instructions provided by your doctor.
Feel free to contact your doctor at anytime with any questions or concerns you may have.
Results of a Cervical Biopsy
Your doctor will contact you about your biopsy results and discuss next steps. A negative test means that everything is normal, and further action is usually not required. A positive test means that cancer or precancerous cells have been found and possibly colposcopy treatment might be suggested.
The information provided on this site is intended to educate the reader about certain medical conditions and certain possible treatment. It is not a substitute for examination, diagnosis, and medical care provided by a licensed and qualified health care professional. If you believe you, or someone you know suffers from the conditions described herein, please see your health care provider immediately. Do not attempt to treat yourself or anyone else without proper medical supervision.
• Our office has a 24/7 answering service to address any emergencies.
Do you have questions? Would like to schedule an appointment with the top rated Brooklyn Heights gynecologist, please contact our Brooklyn Heights office.
Dr. Amir Marashi, MD
Brooklyn GYN Place
142 Joralemon Street, Suite 4CF
Brooklyn, NY 11201